SCO, Meet the GPL --
Thursday, August 07 2003 @ 07:08 PM EDT
Contributed by: PJ
SCO, Meet the GPL --
IBM's Legal Calvary Charges
I've seen the papers. I can't post them, but they'll be available in due course,
either tomorrow or more likely the day after at the Utah courts, via
Pacer. Here's an advance peek:
There are ten, count them,
ten counterclaims. The main theme is this: that SCO has been
misleading the world by falsely stating that IBM's license has been
terminated. It was never terminated, they say, in part because it is
irrevocable and also because it was a 3-way contract, and Novell, the
third party, stepped in and blocked the attempt at termination. And SCO, the papers charge, is in violation of the GPL and has had its rights to distribute GPL code terminated.
Further, SCO has misleadingly overstated its rights to UNIX, AIX, and IBM's Linux-related products, for its own financial benefit, IBM charges.
Its false statements have damaged IBM's reputation, interfered with its prospective business, both AIX and Linux-related, and violated the GPL.
SCO is trying, the papers say, to assert rights it does not have by falsely claiming the right to terminate IBM's irrevocable
and perpetual UNIX rights.
Further, SCO committed not to assert
certain proprietary rights over or restrict further distribution of
any GPL source code distributed by SCO when it
itself distributed the code under the GPL. IBM contributed code to Linux under the GPL on the condition that users and distributors, including
SCO, abide by the terms of the GPL. But SCO, IBM says, has taken source
code made available by IBM under the GPL, included that code in SCO's
Linux products, and distributed significant protions of those products
under the GPL. By doing so, SCO accepted the terms of the GPL (Section
The GPL prohibits SCO from asserting proprietary rights (such as the right to collect license fees), or attempting to restrict distribution of any source code distributed by SCO under the terms of the GPL. As a result, SCO's right to distribute the copyrighted works of others included in Linux under the GPL have been terminated pursuant to Section 4 of the GPL.
They also claim breach of contract, violations of the Lanham Act, unfair competition, intentional interference with prospective economic relations, and unfair and deceptive trade practices. Here's how IBM says SCO breached the GPL, by:
1. claiming ownership rights over Linux code, including IBM contributions
2. seeking to collect and collecting license fees for that code
3. copying, modifying, sublicensing or distributing Linux on terms other than those set out in the GPL and after its rights under th GPL terminated
4. seeking to impose additional restrictions on the recipients of Linux code
IBM requests an injunction against such further breaches and damages to
be determined at trial.
There are four patent infringement
claims, respecting the following patents:
1. Patent No. 4,814,746, Data Compression Method (being infringed by UnixWare and Open
2. No. 4,821,211, Method of Navigating Among Program Menus
Using a Graphical Menu Tree (SCO Manager infringes);
3. No. 4,953,209, Self-Verifying Receipt and Acceptance System for Electronically Delivered Data Objects (UnixWare infringes);
4. No. 5,805,785, Method for Monitoring and Recovery of Subsystems in a Distributed/ Clustered System (Reliant HA infringes).
Relief IBM is requesting:
-damages pursuant to 15 USC Section
-treble damages pursuant to 35 U.S.C. Section 284
-declaratory relief, ruling that SCO has violated IBM's rights
-injunctive relief, enjoining and restraining SCO from
further misrepresenting SCO's rights and IBM's rights to UNIX technology or that IBM no longer has the right to use, produce and distribute AIX and Linux-related products; from publishing false and disparaging statements about AIX and IBM's Linux-related products; or claiming ownership rights over code made available under the GPL; from further infringement or inducement of infringement of their patents
-costs, expenses and attorneys' fees
- pre and post-judgment interest on the damages
What does it all mean? First, IBM is saying that the code it put in to Linux was theirs to donate and that SCO has wrongfully used it in violation of the code's license terms. That would be the GPL. Unless I missed the drift, IBM just let SCO know that the allegedly infringing code isn't SCO's, because they themselves accepted it under the GPL and redistributed it under the GPL. That means that part of their code just joined the free world, according to the papers.
Further, as a result of violating the GPL, they now have no rights to distribute GPL code. That goes to the heart of their new business model of using Linux apps on top of a UNIX kernel. If the court grants the injunction, then further infringement of the GPL is forbidden, which would include the license plan.
It also means that while Darl was shooting his mouth off, IBM was taking notes, and the majority
of the other counterclaims are based on SCO spokespeople saying things
to the press that IBM says were deceitful and damaging and derogatory,
harming IBM's business and reputation, harming the reputation of Linux,
and interfering with its potential customers, and they say their tortious conduct was and is willful and deliberate, hence they should be fined treble damages,
because, they tell the court, this is an exceptional case, meriting such
sanctions. They also ask the court to stop them from any further infringement
of their four patents by ordering SCO to quit manufacturing or selling
or distributing the infringing products listed above. So, if the court says yes,
that's pretty much the end of SCO's business, both software and the
IBM sales people, in an internal memo from Bob Samson, Vice President, Systems Sales, IBM Systems Group, today were encouraged to turn people to the OSDL website to read "Questioning SCO: A Hard Look at Nebulous Claims," by Eben Moglen, General counsel of the Free Software Foundation, and to let everyone know, that as this lawsuit goes foward, "the industry will resolve it."
Man, I believe them. IBM, it appears, fully intends to turn SCO into mincemeat. And dear Darl was just the man to hand them the weapons to be able to do it.
And finally, a song of praise to the GPL. It's shining hour has arrived. And it is shining manfully. If you were longing for the GPL to have its day in court, you just got it. It is leading the charge.