Here is SCO's Complaint in the new SCO versus Novell slander to
title lawsuit, as text.
It'll make the blood rush to your head a bit, not out of anger,
but because of an Alice-in-Wonderland upside-down sensation. They
are asking the court to punish Novell for making statements with
"a knowing and intentional disregard for the truth".
How long has that been going on?
Well, now, if lying is against the law in Utah, I need to call my
lawyer and bring an action myself. I have just the corporate
defendant in mind, too. Their executives' crimes in the fib
category, Felony, Subsection I.A(2), have piled high up to the heavens.
I think I just figured out a way to monetize Groklaw. This could
really start to add up. We could ask for triple damages, and attorneys
fees. And with a fine for each lie, why, the Quote Database alone
could be worth millions.
Why so puny a dream? Not millions. Billions! Be still, my heart.
Quick, I need to incorporate and get some shareholders. I need
to tell the press I'm doing it all for the shareholders.
While I'm counting my treasure, you might notice one more odd thing:
David Boies isn't listed as one of the attorneys on this case.
[Stamp: FILED 04 JAN 20]
Brent O. Hatch (5715)
Mark R. Clements (7172)
HATCH JAMES & DODGE, P.C.
[address, phone, fax]
Kevin P. McBride (4494)
[address, phone, fax]
Stephen N. Zack (pro hac vice pending)
Mark J. Heise (pro hac vice pending)
BOISE, SCHILLER & FLEXNER LLP
[address, phone, fax
Attorneys for Plaintiff The SCO Group, Inc.
IN THE THIRD JUDICIAL DISTRICT COURT
OF SALT LAKE COUNTY, STATE OF UTAH
THE SCO GROUP, INC.,
a Delaware corporation,
a Delaware corporation,
(Jury Trial Demanded)
Civil No. 040900936
Judge: Anthony B. Quinn
Plaintiff, The SCO Group, Inc. ("SCO") sues Defendant Novell, Inc. ("Novell")
and alleges as follows:
1. NATURE OF THIS ACTION
1. Through an Asset Purchase Agreement dated September 19, 1995, as amended ("Asset
Purchase Agreement," attached hereto with amendments as Exhibit "A") wherein Novell
received 6.1 million shares of SCO common stock, valued at the time at over $100 million
in consideration, SCO, through its predecessor in interest, acquired from Novell all right,
title, and interest in and to the UNIX and UnixWare business, operating system, source
code, and all copyrights related thereto, as well as all claims arising after the closing date
against any parties relating to any right, property, or asset included in the business.
2. In attachment E of Novell's Disclosure Schedule to the Asset Purchase Agreement (Exh.
A at Attachment E), Novell provided a list of approximately 106 copyright registrations
(encompassing 8 pages) covering products relating to the business transferred to SCO.
3. In the course of exercising its rights with respect to UNIX and UnixWare, SCO has filed
for copyright protection with the United States Copyright Office.
4. In a bad faith effort to interfere with SCO's exercise of its rights with respect to UNIX and
UnixWare technologies, Novell has, in disregard of its obligations under the Asset
Purchase Agreement, and subsequent to the Asset Purchase Agreement, filed for copyright
protection in the same UNIX technology covered by SCO's copyrights.
5. Recently, Novell repeatedly claimed publicly in press releases and otherwise that it, and
not SCO, owns the UNIX and UnixWare copyrights.
6. Novell has made such statements with the intent to cause customers and potential
customers of SCO to not do business with SCO and to slander and impugn the ownership
rights of SCO in UNIX and UnixWare, and to attempt, in bad faith, to block SCO's ability
to enforce its copyrights therein.
7. Novell's false and misleading representations that it owns the UNIX and UnixWare
copyrights has caused and is continuing to cause SCO to incur significant irreparable harm
to its valuable UNIX and UnixWare copyrights, to its business, and its reputation.
8. Through this action for slander of title against Defendant Novell, SCO seeks the following:
a) a preliminary and permanent injunction: (i) requiring Novell to assign to SCO all
subsequently registered copyrights Novell has registered in UNIX and UnixWare;
(ii) preventing Novell from representing in any forum that it has any ownership
interest whatsoever in the Unix and UnixWare copyrights; and (iii) requiring
Novell to retract or withdraw all representations it has made regarding its purported
ownership of the UNIX and UnixWare copyrights; and
b) actual, special, and punitive damages in an amount to be proven at trial based on
Novell's slander of SCO's title and interest in the Unix and UnixWare copyrights.
II. PARTIES JURISDICTION AND VENUE
9. Plaintiff SCO is a Delaware corporation with its principal place of business in Utah
County, State of Utah.
10. Defendant Novell is a Delaware corporation with its executive offices and headquarters in
Waltham, Massachusetts that does business in the State of Utah, has a registered agent in
Salt Lake County, Utah, and lists a sales office located at [address], Utah.
11. This Court has subject matter jurisdiction over this matter pursuant to section 78-3-4 of the
12. This Court has personal jurisdiction over Novell because Novell transacts substantial
business in the State of Utah.
13. Venue is proper in this Court pursuant to section 78-13-7 of the Utah Code.
III. FACTUAL BACKGROUND
14. Schedule 1.1(a) to the Asset Purchase Agreement provides that SCO, through its
predecessor in interest, acquired from Novell:
I. All rights and ownership of UNIX and UnixWare, including but not
limited to all versions of UNIX and UnixWare and copies of UNIX
and UnixWare (including revisions and updates in process), and all
technical, design, development, installation, operation and
maintenance information concerning UNIX and UnixWare, including
source code, source documentation, source listings and annotations,
appropriate engineering notebooks, test data and test results, as well as
all reference materials and support materials normally distributed by
[Novell] to end-users and potential end-users in connection with the
distribution of UNIX and UnixWare...
II. All of [Novell's] claims arising after the Closing Date against any
parties relating to any right, property or asset included in the Business.
(Exh. A, at Schedule 1.1(a) I and II)
15. In Amendment No. 2 to the Asset Purchase Agreement, Novell and SCO made clear that
SCO owned all "copyrights and trademarks owned by Novell as of the date of the [Asset
Purchase Agreement] required for SCO to exercise its rights with respect to the acquisition
of UNIX and UnixWare technologies," and that Novell would no longer be liable should
any third party bring a claim against SCO "pertaining to said copyrights and trademarks"
(Exh. A, Amendment No. 2 to the Asset Purchase Agreement dated October 16, 1996 at 1)
16. Software technology is valuable only insofar as the intellectual property contained therein
is protected from unlawful misappropriation. Copyrights provide critical protection
against misappropriation established by the United States Congress under the Copyright
Act. SCO required the full copyright protection it purchased from Novell to enforce its
rights in UNIX and UnixWare technology, including proprietary source code, against
17. Based on the clear and unambiguous terms of the Asset Purchase Agreement and
Amendment No. 2 thereto, SCO is the sole and exclusive owner of all copyrights related to
UNIX and UnixWare source code and all documentation and peripheral code and systems related thereto.
18. Novell, with full knowledge of SCO's exclusive ownership of the copyrights related to
UNIX and UnixWare, has embarked on a malicious campaign to damage SCO's ability to
protect its valuable copyrights in UNIX and UnixWare. In particular, Novell has
wrongfully asserted ownership over UNIX and UnixWare technologies by filing for
copyright protection in its own name, and has made numerous false and misleading public representations disparaging SCO's ownership of the UNIX and UnixWare copyrights and
claiming that it, and not SCO, owns the UNIX and UnixWare copyrights.
19. Novell's false oaths and misleading public representations and wrongful assertion of
ownership rights in UNIX and/or UnixWare include, but are not limited to, the following:
a) Despite the clear language of the Asset Purchase Agreement and Amendment No. 2
thereto, on May 28, 2003, Novell's Chairman, President, and CEO Jack Messman
("Messman") based at Novell's headquarters in Waltham, Massachusetts, publicly
claimed that Novell did not transfer the UNIX and UnixWare copyrights to SCO
and that "SCO is not the owner of the UNIX copyrights." Messman's statement
was published in several newspapers, including the Salt Lake Tribune and Deseret
News, and was timed by Messman to be released on the eve of the release of SCO's
b) In a letter dated June 6, 2003, directed from SCO to Novell, SCO brought to
Novell's attention Amendment 2 to the Asset Purchase Agreement that clearly
evidences that the UNIX copyrights were in fact transferred from Novell to SCO.
c) Following Novell's receipt of SCO's June 6, 2003, letter, Novell issued a press
release dated that same date which recanted Messman's prior statement claiming
Novell owned UNIX copyrights stating "[t]he amendment [to the Asset Purchase
Agreement] appears to support SCO's claim that ownership of certain copyrights
for UNIX did transfer to SCO in 1996."
d) In a letter of the same day, June 6, 2003, directed to SCO, Joseph Lasala, Novell's
General Counsel based at Novell's headquarters in Waltham, Massachusetts,
continued to call SCO's claims "absurd" and "unsubstantiated."
e) In a letter to SCO on June 26, 2003, from Joseph Lasala, Novell's General Counsel
based at Novell's headquarters in Waltham, Massachusetts, Novell acknowledged
that Amendment No. 2 "appears to support a claim" by SCO to "some copyrights",
but at the same time, Novell called SCO's claims of ownership of UNIX and
UnixWare "simply wrong" and declared "that we do not agree with SCO's public
statements in this matter."
f) In a letter from Joseph Lasala, Novell's General Counsel based at Novell's
headquarters in Waltham, Massachusetts, dated August 4, 2003, Novell responded
to SCO's registration of UNIX System V copyrights with the United States
Copyright Office, and explicitly "dispute[d] SCO's claim to ownership of the
g) Despite Amendment 2 of the Asset Purchase Agreement that clearly established
SCO's ownership of the copyrights, Novell continued with its unfounded and
malicious campaign to slander SCO's ownership of the copyrights. In fact, Novell,
again falsely asserted ownership of UNIX copyrights by submitting twelve
certifications beginning on September 22, 2003 through October 14, 2003, to the
United States Copyright Office. In these certifications, Novell publicly claimed to
be the copyright owner of several versions of UNIX, including the following:
(1) UNIX System V/386 Release 4 Version 3; (2) UNIX System V/386 Release 4 2;
(3) UNIX System V/386 Release 4 Version 4; (4) UNIX System V/386 Release 3
2; (5) UNIX System V/386 Release 3 0; (6) UNIX System V/386 Release 4 0; (7)
UNIX System V/386 Release 4 1ES; (8) UNIX System V Release 3 2/386; (9)
UNIX System V Release 3/386; (10) UNIX System V Release 4 2MP; (11) UNIX
System V Release 2; and (12) UNIX System V Release 4 1ES/386. Novell
published its false certifications to the world by placing them online at its website.
h) Also on October 10, 2003, Novell publicly filed under oath with the United States
Copyright Office four different iterations of a "Declaration Regarding Ownership"
of UNIX copyrights TXU-510-028, TXU-511-236, TXU-516-704, TXU-516-
705. In each of these sworn documents, Novell declared "that it retains all or
substantially all of the ownership of the copyrights in UNIX, including the U.S.
Copyright Registration referenced above."
i) In a press release dated December 22, 2003, Novell, despite its June 2003 statement
that SCO owns the copyrights, Novell stated that "it owns the copyrights in UNIX,
and has applied for and received copyright registrations pertaining to UNIX
consistent with that position."
j) In a press release dated January 13, 2004, Novell again knowingly and wrongfully
made the false claim that "it retained ownership of [UNIX] copyrights."
20. Novell's false oaths and wrongful claims of copyrights and ownership of UNIX nad
UnixWare are in bad faith and constitute a knowing and intentional disregard for the truth.
21. Novell's wrongful claims of copyrights and ownership in UNIX and UnixWare have
caused, and continue to cause, irreparable harm to SCO, in the following particulars:
a) Customers and potential customers of SCO are unable to ascertain the truth of
ownership in UNIX and UnixWare, and make decisions based thereon; and
b) SCO's efforts to protect its ownership of UNIX and UnixWare, and copyrights
therein, are subject to a false cloud of ownership created by Novell.
IV. CLAIM FOR RELIEF
(Slander of Title)
22. SCO realleges and incorporates all prior paragraphs by this reference as if fully set forth
23. SCO is the sole and exclusive owner of all copyrights related to UNIX and UnixWare
source code and all documentation and peripheral code and systems related thereto.
24. Novell has slandered SCO's title and rights to its UNIX and UnixWare copyrights and
damaged SCO's business reputation and relationships with potential customers by making
false oaths of ownership to public officials, and by repeatedly representing both to the
public in general and directly to several of SCO's customers and potential customers that
Novell, and not SCO, owns the UNIX and UnixWare copyrights.
25. Novell's representations regarding its purported ownership of UNIX and UnixWare are
patently false, and Novell made such representations intentionally, maliciously, and with
the utter disregard for the truthfulness thereof.
26. As a consequence of Novell's conduct as alleged herein, SCO has incurred actual and
special damages in an amount to be proven with at trial.
27. Novell's conduct as alleged herein was intentionally and maliciously designed to destroy
SCO's valuable rights to the UNIX and UnixWare copyrights and further destroy SCO's
business livelihood. As such, this Court should impose an award of punitive damages
against Novell in an amount to be proven at trial.
V. PRAYER FOR RELIEF
WHEREFORE, Plaintiff SCO prays this Court grant relief against Defendant Novell in
favor of SCO as follows:
1. For actual and special damages in an amount to be proven at trial for Novell's slander of
SCO's title to the UNIX and UnixWare copyrights;
2. For punitive damages in an amount to be proven at trial for Novell's malicious and willful
conduct as alleged herein.
3. For a preliminary and permanent injunction (a) requiring Novell to assign to SCO any and
all copyrights Novell has registered in UNIX and UnixWare; (b) preventing Novell from
representing in any forum that it has any ownership interest whatsoever in the UNIX and
UnixWare copyrights; and (c) requiring Novell to retract or withdraw all representations it
has made regarding its purported ownership of the UNIX and UnixWare copyrights.
4. For attorneys' fees, costs, pre- and post-judgment interest, and all other legal and equitable
relief deemed just and proper by this Court.
VI. JURY TRIAL DEMAND
SCO demands trial by jury on all issues so triable.
DATED this 20th day of January, 2004.
HATCH JAMES & DODGE
Brent O. Hatch
Mark R. Clements
BOIES, SCHILLER & FLEXNER LLP
Stephen N. Zack
Mark J. Heise
Kevin P. McBride
Attorneys for Plaintiff